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Meshari lives in Kuwait and has Hemophilia A

Treatments & Therapies

The hemophilia care landscape has changed dramatically over the decades, and so has our scientific understanding of hemophilia. Discover more about hemophilia therapies and the holistic approach to treatment.

Hemophilia treatment

Scientific advances in our understanding of hemophilia means that more people are getting the right help and treatment, and the hemophilia care landscape has improved dramatically over the decades.

The treatment for hemophilia includes both factor replacement and newer therapies which are called non-factor replacement.

The standard of care for all patients with severe hemophilia is regular replacement therapy (prophylaxis) with clotting factors, or other drugs to stop bleeding, started early in life (before age 3). The most recent guidelines for hemophilia care do not recommend 'on demand' treatment as a long term treatment option.






Development of inhibitors

Inhibitors pose a considerable difficulty in hemophilia treatment and care. Inhibitors occur when the body has an immune response to treatment with clotting factor concentrates and recombinant factor products, which means 'standard' treatment becomes ineffective. The medical and scientific community are continuing to work towards preventing the development of inhibitors, as well as establishing how best to manage treatment for those who have already developed inhibitors. Treatments include:

  • Bypassing agents can be used to treat bleeding episodes. Instead of replacing the missing factor, they go around (or bypass) the factors that are blocked by the inhibitors to help the body form a normal clot
  • Bispecific antibodies are artificial proteins that are designed to mimic the function of the missing factor. They bridge together two different types of factors to help continue the natural clotting mechanism
  • Immune tolerance induction (ITI) can directly remove inhibitors from the person's blood, the process can however take quite a long time, from months to years of therapy

A holistic approach to treatment

There are many different aspects to hemophilia. Advancements in treatments means that people living with hemophilia, that have access to these treatments, have much lower risks of bleeding compared with treatments of the past. Treating hemophilia is now a much more holistic approach, focusing on exercise, physical activity and mental health. To find out more, visit 'living with hemophilia' where you can find more information on staying active, joint health and mental health.

An individualised treatment care plan will be developed with the help of a multidisciplinary healthcare team. If you are a carer or someone living with hemophilia and want to know more specific information about treatment, visit our 'talking to your HCP' section, to help guide conversations with your healthcare team.


Srivasta A et al, Hemophilia. 2020;26 Suppl 6:1-158

Carcao M and Goudemand J, Inhibitors in Hemophilia: A primer, World Federation of Hemophilia November 2018. No 7.

World Federation of Hemophilia, eLearning Centres, What are Inhibitors, 2020. Available from https://elearning.wfh.org/elearning-centres/inhibitors/#what_are_inhibitors [Last accessed January 2021]

Centres of Disease Control and Prevention, Inhibitors and Hemophilia. 2020

Oldenburg J, et al. N Engl J Medicine, 2017,377;9:809-818.

National Hemophilia foundation, Immune Tolerance 2020.  Available from https://www.hemophilia.org/bleeding-disorders-a-z/overview/inhibitors/immune-tolerance [Last Accessed January 2021]


Related pages

<b>Talking to your healthcare team</b>

Talking to your healthcare team

Visiting your healthcare team can be daunting and you may feel overwhelmed. With that in mind, we have developed this short discussion guide.

<b>Parents & Carers</b>

Parents & Carers

If you have found out that your child has hemophilia, you may be dealing with a range of emotions. Take a look at our parents and carers page for practical advice.